Introduction: Agra known as 'Taj City' the symbol of eternal
love. Once the capital of India under the Mughal, Agra is full of magnificent
monuments dating back to the 16th and 17th century. The crowning glory of the
city is obviously the Taj, a monument of love and imaginations that represents
India to the world.
Mahal: By the banks of the river Yamuna, Taj Mahal a poignant poetry
in marble, the most extravagant monuments ever built for lover is a tribute to
the timelessness of art and love. Built by Shahjahan in 1652 in the memory of
his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, the lady of the Taj.The main architect, Isa Khan,
came all the way from Shiraz in Iran..
Its pure white marble shimmers
silver in the soft moonlight, exudes a shell pink glow at dawn and at the close
of the day, takes on the tawny fiery hue of the majestic sun. The Taj serves as
a symbol of eternal love where the heart broken Shahjahan was finally buried and
reunited with his beloved Mumtaz.
Agra Fort: Built by three generations of Moghul Emperors,
this massive structure began in 1565 under Akbar. This luxurious palace armed
with massive double walls, punctuated by four gateways, the fort house palaces,
courts, mosques, baths, gardens and gracious pavilions within its
'Jehangiri Mahal' built by Akbar
made up of red stone for his Hindu Queen Jodhabai. It is blending of Hindu and
central Asian architecture styles. The Diwan-e-Am, Diwan-e-Khas, Khas Mahal, the
Palace of Mirrors, the Pearl Mosque, the Nagina Masjid, the Garden of Grapes and
the Fish Pavilion are the other things in the Fort Complex. 'Itmad-ud-Daulah
Tomb stands in the centre of a grand Persian garden and architectural gem of its
times. It is the tomb of Mirza Ghiyas Beg, Emperor Jehangiri's wazir or Chief
Minister and also his father-in-law. Near the Agra Fort, is Jami Masjid, built
by Shahjahan in 1648. An inscription over its main entrance indicates that it
was built in the name of Jahanara, the Emperor's daughter, who was imprisoned
with the Emperor by Aurangzeb.
Akbar's Tomb: Named after the Afghan ruler
Sikander Lodi, Sikandra is the final resting place of Emperor Akbar. Akbar's
mausoleum lies here.
It is a
combination of Hindu, Muslim and Persian architecture. Akbar began the
construction of his own garden mausoleum during his lifetime.
Sikri: 40 km west of Agra is Fatehpur Sikri - The City served as the
capital of Mughal empire during Akbar's reign. The Dargah or tomb of Sheikh
Salim Chisti, the renowed saint, set in the courtyard of the Royal Mosque draws
hordes of pilgrims who come to have their wishes fulfilled.
Bharatpur: 55 km
from Agra, Bharatpur - known for one of the finest bird sanctuaries in the
world. Early in 18th century it was Rajput Fort. Once private hunting &
shooting preserve of the Maharaja of Bharatpur is now a bird sanctuary called
migratory birds especially the Siberian Crane and the protected breeding ground
of hundreds of species of birds.
Situated on the west bank of the river
Yamuna 'Mathura' the birth place of Lord Krishna. Kanishka made it the capital
of his eastern empire and the city became an important centre of trade,
learning, arts and structure. The 'Janmashtami' celebrated here is very famous
throughout the country. The Raslila is regarded as one of the most popular
dramatic performance in India.
Places to visit in
Mathura: Dwarkadeesh Temple, Gita Mandir, Jama
Masjid, Kans Quila, Sati Burj, Shri Krishna Janma Bhoomi, Vishram Ghat and Govt.
Vrindavan: Vrindaban is one of the most sacred places for
Hindus and has several temples closely connected with the life of Lord
The twin city to Mathura is synonymous with the devotees of Lord
Krishna and people from all over the world congregate at Vrindavan. Some unique
festivals such as colorful Holi and Janamashtami are celebrated at Vrindavan.
Places to visit in Vrindavan : Baldeo, Barsana, Radhakund, Bharatpur, Deeg, Gokul, Govardhan,
Nandgaon and Sonkh.